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Snowflake provides cloud-based data storage and analytics as a service. Among other infrastructures, Snowflake runs on Amazon S3. If all of your source datasets and outputs are in Snowflake locations and other conditions are met, then the entire execution of the transformations can occur in Snowflake.

Transferring the execution steps from the Trifacta node to Snowflake yields the following benefits:

  • A minimum of data (recipe steps and associated metadata) is transferred between systems. Everything else remains in Snowflake.
  • Recipe steps are converted into SQL that is understandable and native to Snowflake. Execution times are much faster.
  • Depending on your environment, total cost of executing the job may be lower in Snowflake.

In this scenario, the recipe steps are converted to SQL, which is sequentially executed your source data in temporary tables, from which the results that you have defined for your output are written.

Tip: When running a job in Snowflake, your data never leaves Snowflake.

Tip: Execution on datasets created with custom SQL is supported.

If the requirements and limitations are met, the  Designer Cloud application  automatically executes the job in Snowflake.

Requirements

Feature Availability: This feature may not be available in all product editions. For more information on available features, see Compare Editions.

General

  • This feature must be enabled by the workspace admin. See below.
  • Designer Cloud application  must be integrated with Snowflake. See Snowflake Connections.
    • The permission to execute jobs in Snowflake must be enabled. 
  • All sources and outputs must reside in Snowflake.
  • Spark + Snowflake must be selected as running environment. See Run Job Page.
  • Jobs are executed in the virtual warehouse that is specified as part of the Snowflake connection. 

    NOTE: Job execution requires significantly more resources than ingest or publish jobs on Snowflake. Before you begin using Snowflake, you should verify that your Snowflake virtual warehouse has sufficient resources to handle the expected load. For more information, see Snowflake Connections.

  • In your flow, you must enable all general and Snowflake-specific flow optimizations. When all of these optimizations are enabled, the job can be pushed down to Snowflake for execution. See "Flow Optimizations" below.

Requirements across multiple Snowflake connections

If you are executing a job on Snowflake that utilizes multiple connections, the following requirements must also be met for execution of the job on Snowflake:

Limitations

Snowflake as a running environment requires that pushdowns be enabled for the workspace and for the specific flow for which the job is executed. If the flow and the workspace are properly configured, the job is automatically executed in Snowflake.

NOTE: Snowflake is not a running environment that you explicitly select or specify as part of a job. If all of the requirements are met, then the job is executed in Snowflake when you select EMR.

  • Except as noted below, all datasources and all outputs specified in a job must be located within Snowflake.

    NOTE: Datasources that require conversion are not supported for execution in Snowflake.

  • All recipe steps, including all  Wrangle  functions in the recipe, must be translatable to SQL. 

    NOTE: When attempting to execute a job in Snowflake, Designer Cloud application executes each recipe in Snowflake, until it reaches a step that cannot be executed there. At that point, data is transferred to EMR, where the remainder of the job is executed.

  • If the schemas have changed for your datasets, pushdown execution on Snowflake is not supported.  Designer Cloud Powered by Trifacta falls back to submitting the job through another running environment.

  • Some transformations and functions are not currently supported for execution in Snowflake. See below.
  • If your recipe includes data quality rules, the job cannot be fully executed in Snowflake.
  • Visual profiling is supported with the following conditions or requirements.  
    • Visual profiles are unloaded to a stage in an S3 bucket.

    • If a stage is named in the connection, it is used. This stage must point to the default S3 bucket in use.
    • If no stage is named, a temporary stage is be created in the PUBLIC schema. The connecting user must have write access to PUBLIC

      NOTE: Creating a temporary stage requires temporary credentials from AWS. These credentials are valid for 1 hour only. If a job is expected to run longer than one hour, you should define a named stage.

    • For more information, see Snowflake Connections.

  • Sampling in Snowflake is supported with the following limitations:
    • The following sampling methods are not supported:
      • Stratified
      • Cluster-based
    • The following file formats are not supported for sampling in Snowflake when stored in S3:
      • CSV
      • JSON
    • Other JDBC-based sources are not supported. 

Enable

Workspace Settings

The following setting must be enabled in the workspace. Select User menu > Admin console > Workspace settings.

OptimizationDescription
Logical and physical optimization of jobs

When enabled, the Designer Cloud application attempts to optimize job execution through logical optimizations of your recipe and physical optimizations of your recipes interactions with data.

For more information, see Workspace Settings Page.

Flow Optimizations

You must enable the Snowflake optimizations in your flow. In Flow View, select More menu > Optimization settings.

NOTE: All general optimizations must be enabled for your flow, as well as the following optimizations, which are specific to Snowflake.

OptimizationDescription
Snowflake > Column pruning from source

When enabled, job execution performance is improved by removing any unused or redundant columns from the source database.

Snowflake > Filter pushdown

When this setting is enabled, the  Designer Cloud application  optimizes job performance on this flow by pushing data filters directly on the source database.

Snowflake > Full pushdown

When this setting is enabled, all supported pushdown operations, including full transformation and profiling job execution, is pushed down to Snowflake , where possible.

Full execution for S3

If requirements are met for data sourced from S3, you can enable execution of your S3 datasources in  Snowflake .

NOTE: Snowflake pushdown is not supported for external S3 connections.

For more information, see Flow Optimization Settings Dialog.

Run Job

To execute a job in Snowflake in the Designer Cloud application :

  • Your job must meet the requirements listed above. 

    Tip: Some S3-based jobs can be executed in Snowflake. Additional requirements are listed below.

  • Your job must not include the functions, transformations, or other unsupported elements that are listed below.
  • You must select Snowflake + Spark as your running environment in the Run Job page. 

    NOTE: If this running environment option does not appear in the Run Job page, then all required optimization settings have not been enabled for the workspace or the flow (see above) or the data or recipes do not meet the criteria for execution.

    See Run Job Page.

Tip: After launching the job, you can monitor job execution through the Job Details page, which includes a link to the corresponding job in the Snowflake console.


S3 File Support

Feature Availability: This feature may not be available in all product editions. For more information on available features, see Compare Editions.

In addition to Snowflake  sources, you can execute jobs in Snowflake on source files from  S3. 


Tip: The Snowflake running environment also supports hybrid sources, so you can use as sources S3 files and Snowflake tables in the same flow.

Requirements

  • S3 or TFS is supported as the default storage layer.

  • Publishing actions must be defined to be a target in Snowflake
  • The policies in use must support all of the requirements for Snowflake access and execution. See Required AWS Account Permissions.
  • In the  Designer Cloud application , the following flow optimization settings must be enabled at the flow level: 
  • In the Run Job page, the Spark + Snowflake  running environment must be selected.

    Tip: If this option is not available, one or more requirements for S3 file execution on Snowflake have not been met.


    For more information, see Run Job Page.

Execution requirements

NOTE: For execution of S3 jobs in Snowflake , AWS credentials are passed in encrypted format as part of the SQL that is executed within Snowflake

  • Jobs executed on an empty directory fail. Each directory that is read must contain at least one file. 
  • When defining a publishing action, the schema that is used for the publication must match the staging schema defined in the connection. See Snowflake Connections.
  • If temporary credentials are used to access S3, these credentials are valid for one hour only and cannot be refreshed. As a result, any ingestion process from S3 into Snowflake that takes longer than one hour is likely to cause the job to fail. 
  • Datasets with parameters can be composed of a maximum of 1000 files.
  • All files referenced in a dataset with parameters must use a single and consistent delimiter.

Supported file formats from  S3

  • CSV: Files that fail to meet the following requirements may cause job failures when executed in Snowflake , even though they can be imported into Designer Cloud Powered by Trifacta. Requirements:

    • For job execution of CSV files in Snowflake , source CSV files must be well-formatted.

    • Newlines must be inserted. 

    • Fields must be demarcated with quotes and commas.

      NOTE: Escaped quotes in field values must be represented as double quotes ( ""). Escaped quotes with a backslash is not supported.

    • Each row must have the same number of columns.
  • TSV

  • JSON (newline-delimited)

    NOTE: Snowflake only supports UTF-8 encoding for JSON files.


  • TXT
  • gzip and bz2 compressed formats are supported. 

    NOTE: Snappy compression is not supported for S3 execution on Snowflake .


Supported file encodings:

  • UTF-8
  • ISO-8859-1

Supported delimiters:

  • Comma
  • Tab
  • Pipe

Supported quote characters:

  • No quotes
  • double quotes

Uploaded File Support

When a file is uploaded from your desktop, ingested, and stored in a storage layer that is supported for file pushdown, jobs that reference datasets created from that file are eligible for execution in Snowflake . For example, if your base storage layer is S3, then files uploaded from your desktop could be used for jobs that execute like S3 files in Snowflake . The requirements and limitations listed in the previous section apply.

Unsupported  Wrangle  for Snowflake Execution

The following transformations and functions are not currently supported for execution in Snowflake. 

NOTE: If your recipe contains any of the following transformations or functions, full job execution in Snowflake is not possible at this time. These transformations are expected to be supported and removed from this list in future releases.

General limitations

For more information on limitations on specific push-downs, see Flow Optimization Settings Dialog.

Unsupported input data types

The following Snowflake data types are not supported for input into  Designer Cloud Powered by Trifacta:

  • BINARY
  • VARBINARY
  • GEOGRAPHY

NOTE: For mismatched values in columns of Integer data type, the value is published, instead of a NULL value. This is a known issue.


Unsupported Trifacta data types

None.

Unsupported transformations

The following  Wrangle  functions are not currently supported for execution in Snowflake.

  • None.

Unsupported functions

The following  Wrangle functions are not currently supported for execution in Snowflake.

Aggregate functions

KTHLARGEST
KTHLARGESTIF
KTHLARGESTUNIQUE
KTHLARGESTUNIQUEIF
APPROXIMATEMEDIAN
APPROXIMATEPERCENTILE
APPROXIMATEQUARTILE
QUARTILE

For more information, see Aggregate Functions.

Math functions

LCM
NUMVALUE

Partially supported:

NUMFORMAT: Only supported when used for rounding.

For more information, see Math Functions.

Nested functions

Partially supported:

NOTE: For most array functions, such as ARRAYUNIQUE and KEYS functions, the order of elements in the output cannot be guaranteed.


Date functions

NETWORKDAYS
NETWORKDAYSINTL
WORKDAY
WORKDAYINTL
KTHLARGESTDATE
KTHLARGESTUNIQUEDATE
KTHLARGESTUNIQUEDATEIF
KTHLARGESTDATEIF
EOMONTH
SERIALNUMBER

String functions

DOUBLEMETAPHONEEQUALS
TRANSLITERATE

For more information, see String Functions.

Type functions

Partially supported:

IFMISSING

NOTE: When the IFMISSING function immediately follows the PREV function in your recipe steps, Snowflake generates an incorrect value. This is a known issue and will be fixed in a future Snowflake release.

Window functions

SESSION

For more information, see Window Functions.

Verify Execution

To verify execution in Snowflake, please do the following:

Steps:

  1. In the left nav bar, click the Jobs link. 
  2. In the Job History page, select the job that you executed. 
  3. In the Overview tab, the value for Environment under the Execution summary should be: Snowflake.

For more information, see Job Details Page.


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