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Computes the square root of the input parameter.  Input value can be a Decimal or Integer literal or a reference to a column containing numeric values. All generated values are non-negative.

Wrangle vs. SQL: This function is part of Wrangle , a proprietary data transformation language. Wrangle is not SQL. For more information, see Wrangle Language.

## Basic Usage

Numeric literal example:

sqrt(25)

Output: Returns the square root of 25, which is 5.

Column reference example:

sqrt(MyValue)

Output: Returns the square root of the values of the MyValue column.

## Syntax and Arguments

sqrt(numeric_value)

ArgumentRequired?Data TypeDescription
numeric_valueYstring, decimal, or integerName of column or Decimal or Integer literal to apply to the function

### numeric_value

Name of the column or numeric literal whose values are used to compute the square root.

NOTE: Negative input values generate null output values.

• Missing input values generate missing results.
• Literal numeric values should not be quoted.
• Multiple columns and wildcards are not supported.

Usage Notes:

Required?Data TypeExample Value
YesString (column reference) or Integer or Decimal literal25

## Examples

### Example - Pythagorean Theorem

In this example, you learn how to compute exponentials and square roots on your numeric data.

Functions:

ItemDescription
POW Function Computes the value of the first argument raised to the value of the second argument.
SQRT Function Computes the square root of the input parameter.  Input value can be a Decimal or Integer literal or a reference to a column containing numeric values. All generated values are non-negative.

Source:

The dataset below contains values for x and y:

XY
34
49
810
3040

Transformation:

You can use the following transformation to generate values for z2

Transformation Name New formula Single row formula (POW(x,2) + POW(y,2)) 'Z'

You can see how column Z is generated as the sum of squares of the other two columns, which yields z2.

Now, edit the transformation to wrap the value computation in a SQRT function. This step is done to compute the value for z, which is the distance between the two points based on the Pythagorean theorem.

Transformation Name New formula Single row formula SQRT((POW(x,2) + POW(y,2))) 'Z'

Results:

XYZ
345
499.848857801796104
81012.806248474865697
304050

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