Test String Length
You can use the following command to write a
TOO LONG message when the length of the
first_name field exceeds 32 characters:
The above test allows you to evaluate individual strings that are too long to see if they are errors or can somehow be shortened. For a large dataset in which you cannot easily solve these problems, you can simply choose to cut off the length of a string at 32 characters:
In the above, you can use a wildcard to match all columns in the dataset. The replacement value is defined to be the first 32 characters of the source column (
$col). By definition of the
LEFT function, columns that are shorter than 32 characters in length are untouched.
Tip: If the field you are truncating is used as a key to your dataset, you should verify that your key still contains unique values after you have applied the truncation. For example, if the combination of
last_name is a unique identifier in your dataset, you should verify that the column containing these identifiers contains unique values.
Specialized String Lengths
In some cases, you might want to limit the lengths of text strings. In this example, your dataset contains a column of zip code values, some of which are in Zip+4 format. Your source data might look like the following:
For consistency, you might want to limit the column to use just the first five digits of the zip code.
- Select the first five digits of one of the nine-digit zip codes.
- In the suggestion cards, select the Extract card.
Select the following variation:
Extract text or pattern
Parameter: Column to extract from
Custom text or pattern
Parameter: Text to extract
Parameter: Start extracting after
- Click Add.
The above solution references two Patterns to identify elements of the cell value. For more information, see Text Matching.
For a more generalized approach, you can use some of the following string functions to limit your data length. Values that are shorter than the designated string length are left untouched.
NOTE: Transforms that cut down the size of a value might generate mismatched or missing values based on the column's data type. You should verify that you are not creating new missing or mismatched values.
Use Rightmost Values
Use the following transform to reduce a string to the rightmost 6 characters in any value:
SUBSTRING function enables you to designate a specific subset of the string's characters to use. You specify the index of the first character in the values and the number of subsequent characters to include. For example, when applied to the value
United States of America in the
countries column, the following transform sets the new value to be
Note that the index value begins at zero; to extract from the beginning of the value, replace
7 above with
Additional String Functions
Wrangle supports other functions, which can be used to transform string values. See String Functions.
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