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Wrangle supports a set of variables, which can be used to programmatically reference aspects of the dataset or its source data. These metadata references allow you to create individual transformations of much greater scope and flexibility.

Tip: Some transformation steps make access to metadata about the original data source impossible to retain. It's best to use these references, where possible, early in your recipe. Additional information is available below.

Tip: You can use the $filepath and $sourcerownumber to create a primary key to identify source information for any row in your file-based datasets.

$filepath

This reference retrieves the fully qualified path for a row of data sourced from a file. As you are working with a dataset in the application, it can be helpful to know where the file from which each row of data originated. Using the $filepath function, you can generate columns of data early in your recipe to retain this useful information.

The following transforms might make file path information invalid or otherwise unavailable:

  • pivot
  • join
  • unnest

NOTE: This reference returns the file path. It does not include the scheme or authority information from the URI. So, protocol identifiers such as http:// are not available in the output.

NOTE: For Avro sources, if you imported a folder containing multiple Avro files, the folder path is returned. The full path is returned for single Avro files and for other multi-file datasets.

Supported File Formats

Base file formats:

File format
Supported?
Notes
CSVYes 
JSONYes 
ExcelLimited

Full path to the converted CSV file on backend datastore is returned, which is a temporary location. Original XLSX file path is not available.

Compressed files (Gzip, Bzip2, etc)LimitedSupport for single-file archives only. Full path is returned only if the archive contains a single file.
foldersYesFull path to the file is returned. You can modify the output column to return the folder path only.

Limitations

  • The FILEPATH function produces a null value for any samples collected before the feature was enabled, since the information was not available. To see that lineage information, you must switch to the initial sample or collect a new sample.
  • After this function is enabled, non-initial samples collected in the future are slightly smaller in size, due to the space consumed by the filepath lineage information that is tracked as part of the sample. You may see a change in the number of rows in your sample.

Example:

The following example generates a column containing the filepath information for each row in the dataset:

derive type: single value: $filepath as: 'src_filepath'

You can use the following additional steps to extract the filename from the above src_filepath column:

derive type: single value: RIGHTFIND(src_filepath, '\/', false, 0) as: 'rightfind__src_filepath'

derive type: single value: SUBSTRING(src_filepath, rightfind_src_filepath + 1, LEN(src_filepath)) as: 'filename'

drop col: rightfind_src_filepath action: Drop

$sourcerownumber

The $sourcerownumber variable is a reference to the row number in which the current row originally appeared in the source of the data.

The following transforms might make original row information invalid or otherwise unavailable. In these cases, the reference returns null values:

  • pivot
  • flatten
  • join
  • lookup
  • union
  • unnest
  • unpivot

NOTE: If the dataset is sourced from multiple files, a predictable original source row number cannot be guaranteed, and null values are returned.

Tip: If the source row information is still available, you can hover over the left side of a row in the data grid to see the source row number in the original source data.

Example:

The following example generates a new column containing the source row number for each row in the dataset, if available: 

derive type: single value: $sourcerownumber as: 'src_rownumber'

If you have already used the $filepath reference, as in the previous example, you can combine these two columns to create a unique key to the source of each row:

derive type: single value: MERGE([src_filename,src_rownumber],'-') as: 'src_key'

$col

The $col variable is a reference to the column that is currently being evaluated. This variable references the state of the current dataset, instead of the original source.

In the following example, all columns in the dataset that are of String type are converted to uppercase:

set col: * value: IF(ISMISMATCHED($col, ['String']), $col, UPPER($col))

In the above, the wildcard applies the edit to each column. Each column is tested to see if it is mismatched with the String data type. If mismatched, the value in the column ($col) is written. Otherwise, the value in the column is converted to uppercase (UPPER($col)).

Tip: $col is useful for multi-column transformations.

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