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  • Comparisons are case-sensitive.
    • Uppercase letters are greater than lowercase versions of the same letter.
    • However, lowercase letters that are later in the alphabet are greater than the uppercase version of the previous letter.
  • Two strings are equal if they match identically.
    • If two strings are identical except that the second string contains one additional character at the end, the second string is greater.
  • A normalized version of a letter is the unaccented, lowercase version of the letter. In string comparison, it is the lowest value of all of its variants.
    • a is less than ă.
    • However, when compared to b, a = ă.
    • The set of Latin normalized characters contains more than 26 characters.

This table illustrates some generalized rules of Latin collation.

OrderDescriptionLesser ExampleGreater Example
1whitespace(space)(return)
2Punctuation'@
3Digits12
4LettersaA
5 Ab

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