To prevent overwhelming the client or significantly impacting performance,
How Sampling Works
When a dataset is first created, a background job begins to generate a sample using the first set of rows of the dataset. This initial sample is data sample is usually very quick to generate, so that you can get to work right away on your transformations.
NOTE: When a flow is shared, its samples are shared with other users. However, if those users do not have access to the underlying files that back a sample, they do not have access to the sample and must create their own.
Changing sample sizes
If needed, you can change the size of samples that are loaded into the browser your current recipe. You may need to reduce these sizes if you are experiencing performance problems or memory issues in the browser. For more information, see Change Recipe Sample Size.
Important notes on sampling