Merges two or more columns of String type to generate output of String type. Optionally, you can insert a delimiter between the merged values.

NOTE: This function behaves exactly like the merge transform, although the syntax is different. See Merge Transform.


String literal reference example:

merge(['Hello,','World'],' ')

Output: Returnsthe value Hello, World.

Column reference example:


Output: Returns a single String value that is the merge of string1 and string2 values.


ArgumentRequired?Data TypeDescription
string_ref1YstringName of first column or first string literal to apply to the function
string_ref2YstringName of second column or second string literal to apply to the function
string_delimNstringOptional delimiter string to insert between column or literal values

string_ref1, string_ref2

String literal or name of the string column whose elements you want to merge together. You can merge together two or more strings.

Required?Data TypeExample Value
YesString literal or column referencemyString1, myString2


Optional string literal to insert between each string that is being merged.

Required?Data TypeExample Value
NoString literal'-'

Example - Simple merge example

The following example contains the names of a set of American authors. You need to bring together these column values into a new column, called FullName.




Since the entry for J.D. Salinger has no middle name, you might want to add the following transformation:


JackKerouacLJack L Kerouac
PaulTherouxEPaul E Theroux
J.D.Salinger J.D. Salinger
PhilipDickKPhilip K DIck

Other Examples

While the syntax may be different, the MERGE function behaves exactly like the merge transform. For more examples, see Merge Transform.